Distillation – Waterky http://waterky.org/ Sat, 23 Oct 2021 07:26:59 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://waterky.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/icon-16-120x120.png Distillation – Waterky http://waterky.org/ 32 32 Global Oil Distillation Systems Market Size, Analysis, Key Players, and Forecast Till 2027 – IMIESA https://waterky.org/global-oil-distillation-systems-market-size-analysis-key-players-and-forecast-till-2027-imiesa/ https://waterky.org/global-oil-distillation-systems-market-size-analysis-key-players-and-forecast-till-2027-imiesa/#respond Fri, 22 Oct 2021 12:27:43 +0000 https://waterky.org/global-oil-distillation-systems-market-size-analysis-key-players-and-forecast-till-2027-imiesa/ The MarketQuest.biz forwarded the new report, entitled Global Petroleum Distillation Systems Market 2021-2027. The report is enhanced with market data, for example, key industry plans, theoretical openings, unbroken turn of events, control, wild situation, and late progress keeping tabs on. Likewise, the Oil Distillation System market report conveys the best-in-class assessment of mechanical advancements, advancements, […]]]>

The MarketQuest.biz forwarded the new report, entitled Global Petroleum Distillation Systems Market 2021-2027. The report is enhanced with market data, for example, key industry plans, theoretical openings, unbroken turn of events, control, wild situation, and late progress keeping tabs on. Likewise, the Oil Distillation System market report conveys the best-in-class assessment of mechanical advancements, advancements, and updates of new things.

The fundamentals of the Oil Distillation System Market report are that it unites leading affiliate profiles and their salaries close to their slice of the pie. Additionally, Affiliate Profile locale is a combination of affiliate chart, object portfolio, quantifiable information, and late exercises. Moreover, the report undeniably features the newest instances of the market and joins the market size, market valuation, transaction volume, creation as well as usage information both in value and in volume. ‘

DOWNLOAD A FREE SAMPLE REPORT: https://www.marketquest.biz/sample-request/43529

The specialists have made accurate judgment on the unmistakable key elements of the Oil Distillation Systems market as a whole. These items were examined based on genuine information, current information and measurement information, close to the improvement rate. In addition, the report also gives an overall assessment of the impact of Covid19 available. The report further investigates the five powers of the warden, the chain of respect and the rating of the store network. Beside that, the concentrate also recalls the subordinate topographic assessment for key areas and nations.

Thinking of sorting, the report is assembled in

  • 5 gal / min
  • 10 gal / min
  • 20 GPM
  • 50 gal / min
  • 100 GPM
  • Others

Thinking of the application, the report is represented in

  • Industrial
  • Marine
  • Aerospace
  • Others

The nations linked to the report are

  • North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)
  • Europe (Germany, France, United Kingdom, Russia, Italy and rest of Europe)
  • Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Southeast Asia and Australia)
  • South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia and the rest of South America)
  • Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, South Africa and Rest of Middle East and Africa)

The central people wrapped up in the report are

  • Sanmi
  • Sino-NSH
  • Enervac Company
  • Henek fluid purity systems
  • NAKIN
  • Vacudyne
  • Bertacchi & Filippi
  • Chongqing Zhongneng
  • Clark-Reliance Corporation
  • Hydrocarbon
  • High Purity Northwest
  • Precision filtration products
  • Filson
  • Pro-filtration
  • Lubrigard
  • Sesco systems engineering

ACCESS TO THE FULL REPORT: https://www.marketquest.biz/report/43529/global-oil-distillation-system-market-2021-by-manufacturers-regions-type-and-application-forecast-to-2026

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What is the distillation of water? | WWD https://waterky.org/what-is-the-distillation-of-water-wwd/ https://waterky.org/what-is-the-distillation-of-water-wwd/#respond Wed, 15 Sep 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://waterky.org/what-is-the-distillation-of-water-wwd/ What is the distillation of water? Water distillation is a process in which water is boiled until it evaporates and condenses, leaving behind impurities with different boiling points. Distillation produces clean, pure water. It is an effective method of water treatment to remove contaminants like bacteria, heavy metals, and chemicals. Advertising How does water distillation […]]]>

What is the distillation of water?

Water distillation is a process in which water is boiled until it evaporates and condenses, leaving behind impurities with different boiling points.

Distillation produces clean, pure water. It is an effective method of water treatment to remove contaminants like bacteria, heavy metals, and chemicals.

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How does water distillation work?

During distillation, water is boiled in a boiling chamber until it evaporates to vapor. This vapor is then captured and condensed in a clean container.

The majority of inorganic compounds and non-volatile molecules are unable to evaporate with water and end up in the boiling chamber.

Small-scale distillation units look a bit like coffee makers. They consist of a boiling chamber, a condensing chamber (or coils) and a storage container for clean water.

Steps for water distillation

The distillation process is as follows:

  1. The water is heated in a boiling chamber. The water is heated to a boil, which causes evaporation and the production of steam.
  2. Steam comes out of the boiling chamber. Steam from boiling water rises through a vent into a stainless steel condenser. All microorganisms, impurities and contaminants unable to transform into gas particles are left in the boiling chamber.
  3. The vapor condenses. Once the vapor reaches the condenser, it is cooled by a fan until it turns into water droplets. These droplets are now ready to be collected in a clean container – but first there is a final filtration step.
  4. The remaining contaminants are removed. All the impurities which evaporated and condensed with water can now be removed. Usually an activated carbon filter traps these contaminants using the adsorption process.
  5. Water collects in a storage container. After passing through the filter media, the water will drip from the spout of the still and into a holding container. This water is now clean, pure and ready to use.

Distillation can remove a wide variety of contaminants from water, including nitrates, iron, lead, hardness, and some microorganisms.

The overall efficiency of the distillation depends on the contaminants in the water. For example, some organic compounds, such as benzene, have lower boiling points than water.

This means that these contaminants will eventually recontaminate the water once it has condensed into a liquid form. Most stills use filter media, usually activated carbon, to trap any lingering contaminants before the water can leave the machine.

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How long does it take to distill water

Distilling water is not a quick process. The average countertop water still takes between 4-6 hours to produce a single gallon of purified water. Water is produced one drop at a time.

This process can be speeded up by using a larger still, which can produce up to three gallons of water per hour, depending on the system. However, there is no acceleration of the distillation process. For those looking to produce large amounts of distilled water, the best alternative would be to use a water distillation plant.

RELATED: What is Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD)?

What is a water distillation plant?

A water distillation plant is a large-scale distillation solution that can be used for commercial or manufacturing purposes.

Distillation plants are much more efficient than single-use countertop stills. Depending on the number of units used, distillation plants can produce up to hundreds of liters of purified water per hour.

There are a number of industries that may require large-scale production of distilled water. These include laboratories, cosmetics manufacturers and automotive companies. Distilled water can also be used in canning products and brewing beer. Some bottled water manufacturers produce and sell distilled water.

A water distillation plant offers a higher level of performance, which is essential for industries that require large amounts of distilled water in their daily operation.

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What are the benefits of distilled water?

Free from bacteria and viruses

Distillation removes bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms from the water. Whether distilled water is used for food, beauty, or drinking purposes, being free from potentially harmful microorganisms is a big selling point.

Purest water option

Few methods of filtering water are as effective as distillation. A still can produce almost 100% pure water. Other types of water treatment, on the other hand, can only be designed to target specific contaminants.

Many domestic uses

Distilled water has many uses around the home. It can be added to steam irons to prevent lime build-up and used in aquariums and car cooling systems. Distilled water can also be used for watering plants.

Cheaper than bottled water

People who make their own distilled water at home can enjoy pure, clean water for a much lower monthly cost than buying bottled water for drinking. However, because stills remove healthy minerals and vitamins from water, many people would say bottled mineral water always tastes better.

Industrial and commercial advantages

Distilled water is not only beneficial to the owner. It can also be used in the manufacture of cosmetics, laboratory experiments, canning production and for automotive purposes. Distilled water can also be used to sterilize medical equipment and surfaces.

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What does the distillation of water take from the water?

Distillation removes a wide range of inorganic compounds from water, including metals like lead, iron, hardness minerals, nitrates, sodium, and most other dissolved materials. The process of boiling and evaporation is also effective in killing viruses, bacteria and other microorganisms.

While distillation is a very efficient form of water treatment, be aware that it may not remove all contaminants from a water source.

Distillation is not a foolproof treatment option for removing certain types of semi-volatile and volatile organic compounds (or VOCs for short).

Some organic compounds, like most pesticides, have higher boiling points than water. This means that they can be removed during distillation. However, some organic compounds have lower boiling points than water, which means that they too evaporate during the boiling process and condense with the water in the container.

These compounds must be removed during or before the condensation process to prevent them from contaminating the finished product. Testing a water source for contamination ahead of time can ensure that the right processes are used alongside distillation (if necessary) to remove these difficult contaminants.


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Global Solvent Distillation Devices Market Report 2021 https://waterky.org/global-solvent-distillation-devices-market-report-2021/ https://waterky.org/global-solvent-distillation-devices-market-report-2021/#respond Wed, 08 Sep 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://waterky.org/global-solvent-distillation-devices-market-report-2021/ Solvent distillation device The ingenious study report on “๐†๐ฅ๐จ๐›๐š๐ฅ ๐Œ๐š๐ซ๐ค๐ž๐ญ” aims to facilitate an in-depth understanding of the definition, potential and scope of the market. This research report compiled with insightful data presents a comprehensive analysis of the global Solvent Distillation Device Market. The report is comprised of an assessment of statistically and conceptually significant […]]]>

Solvent distillation device

The ingenious study report on “๐†๐ฅ๐จ๐›๐š๐ฅ ๐Œ๐š๐ซ๐ค๐ž๐ญ” aims to facilitate an in-depth understanding of the definition, potential and scope of the market. This research report compiled with insightful data presents a comprehensive analysis of the global Solvent Distillation Device Market. The report is comprised of an assessment of statistically and conceptually significant market data, including Solvent Distillation Devices market estimates and metric values. The study report consists of an accurate study of growth scales and patterns along with current global values โ€‹โ€‹of the Distillation Devices market size and volume. It analyzes the cost structure under the global Solvent Distillation Devices market determining the revenue generated, consumed as well as the specification of sales and operational expense. The market report concludes the forecast analysis consisting of growth projections, outlook, and scope of business expansion in near future.

For a better understanding, download a FREE copy of the Solvent Distillation Apparatus Report @ https://www.industryandresearch.com/report/Global-Solvent-Distillation-Device-Market-Report-Insight-Key-Research-Findings-Competitive-Landscape-and-Future-Forecast-2020-2026/211077#samplereport

Competition overview:
Some of the major market players include ๐€๐ญ-๐Œ๐š๐ซ ๐†๐ฅ๐š๐ฌ๐ฌ, ๐†๐ซ๐จ๐ฎ๐ฉ, ๐ˆ๐ญ๐š๐ฅ๐ข๐š ๐’๐ข๐ฌ๐ญ๐ž๐ฆ๐ข ๐“๐ž๐œ๐ง๐จ๐ฅ๐จ๐ ๐ข๐œ๐ข, ๐๐ซ๐จ-๐“๐ž๐ค, ๐…๐Ž๐‘๐Œ๐„๐‚๐Ž, ๐–๐จ๐ฅ๐Ÿ๐š๐ง๐ ๐ž๐ฅ, ๐•๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ข๐ฅ๐š๐ญ๐จ๐ซ๐ž๐ง๐Ÿ๐š๐›๐ซ๐ข๐ค ๐Ž๐ž๐ฅ๐๐ž, ๐‘๐ž๐œ๐ฒ๐œ๐ฅ๐ข๐ง๐ , ๐‡๐จ๐ซ๐ข๐ณ๐จ๐ง ๐“๐ž๐œ๐ก๐ง๐จ๐ฅ๐จ๐ ๐ฒ, ๐Ž๐ซ๐ž๐ ๐จ๐ง ๐„๐ง๐ฏ๐ข๐ซ๐จ๐ง๐ฆ๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐š๐ฅ ๐’๐ฒ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ž๐ฆ๐ฌ,, ๐…๐ฅ๐ž๐ฑ๐จ ๐–๐š๐ฌ๐ก. Increasing the product portfolio, in-depth analysis of consumer purchasing behavior, and efforts to increase awareness of the use of solvent distillation devices are some of the key industry scenarios. Companies often have to navigate through different regulations in different parts of the world and need to ensure their strict compliance before launching their products.

The Solvent Distillation Device market research report offers a very useful resource that can assist manufacturers, stakeholders, policymakers, and other market players to familiarize themselves with each factor impacting the growth of the global market . The report comprises SWOT and other market analysis to provide a clear and in-depth understanding of important aspects of the global Solvent Distillation Device Market. Readers of the report can be informed about current and future trends of the global market and their impact on market growth during the forecast period.

The Global Distillation Device Market report covers the market characteristics, volume and growth, segmentation, geographies, market share, trends, and plans for this business. The study includes both the demand and the supply of the market. The market research is presented to the global markets including growth trends, competitive landscape analysis, and the key manufacturer. The report research market research presents as well as the upcoming aspects of the market primarily based on the factors that the companies are contributing to the changing of the market, key trends, and segmentation analysis. It explains powerful business strategies and approaches, consumer propensity, regulatory policies, recent actions taken by competitors, as well as potential investment opportunities and market threats. The Solvent Distillation Device report emphasizes crucial financial details of major manufacturers including annual sales, revenue growth, CAGR, production cost analysis, and value chain structure. In addition, strict government oversight policies, regulations, varying security standards, implementation of BYOD, and increase in network-based applications are key factors contributing to the growth of this market.

What to expect from this Solvent Distillation Apparatus Market report?
โ€ข A comprehensive summary of several area distributions and popular product summary types in the Solvent Distillation Apparatus Market.
โ€ข You can correct growing databases for your industry when you have information on cost of production, cost of products and cost of production for years to come.
โ€ข Comprehensive burglary assessment for new companies wishing to enter the Solvent Distillation Device market.
โ€ข How exactly do the larger companies and mid-level companies earn income in the market?
โ€ข Complete research on the overall development within the Solvent Distillation Device market that helps you choose product launch and modernize growths.

Market segmentation :

Market segment by regions / countries, this report covers:
* North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)
* Europe (Germany, UK, France, Italy, Russia and Turkey etc.)
* Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia and Vietnam)
* South America (Brazil etc.)
* Middle East and Africa (Egypt and GCC countries)

Global Sales and Revenue of Solvent Distillation Devices by Product Type Segments
Automatic, Semi-automatic

Global Sales and Revenue of Solvent Distillation Devices by Application Segments
Contaminating solvent, Solvent, Others

Key takeaways from Solvent Distillation Apparatus Market reports:
โ€ข Comparison of the major players operating in the Solvent Distillation Apparatus Market.
โ€ข Recent developments and key strategies adopted by market players.
โ€ข Study of micro and macroeconomic growth indicators.
โ€ข Impact of different factors on the market value chain Solvent distillation device.
โ€ข Growth opportunities for emerging market players in various regional markets.
โ€ข Current trends influencing the Solvent Distillation Devices market scenario.

The following points are included with an in-depth study of each point:

โ€ข Brand Share Analysis and Brand Share Analysis of Solvent Distillation Apparatus: The report offers brand share analysis in the Solvent Distillation Apparatus market to offer a more in-depth analysis of the competitors . This is intended to help companies with proactive long term planning.

โ€ข Analysis of the historical volume of the solvent distillation device: Factors affecting sales in the past are analyzed in detail. The report also offers a comparative analysis between the growth trajectory presented in 2017-2020 and 2021-2028.

โ€ข Solvent Distillation Device Segment Level and Category Analysis: To offer a comprehensive analysis, the market identifies key segments and highlights key factors enabling growth in these categories.

โ€ข Consumption of solvent stills by demographic data: the demographic analysis aims to provide recommendations to companies to help them create growth strategies around dynamic consumption patterns.

โ€ข Analysis of manufacturing trends of solvent distillation devices: Analysis of manufacturing trends is the highlight of the study. It offers vital data on the strategies adopted by market players to align their manufacturing strategies with prevailing market trends.

โ€ข Post-COVID consumer spending on solvent stills: the survey offers a chapter devoted to the analysis of post-COVID consumer behavior. Changes in their spending habits are carefully analyzed to provide insight into the potential impact on sales of solvent distillation devices.

See the comprehensive market research report: https://www.industryandresearch.com/report/Global-Solvent-Distillation-Device-Market-Report-Insight-Key-Research-Findings-Competitive-Landscape-and-Future-Forecast-2020-2026/211077

Finally, the report offers an overall analysis of the factors that are expected to drive the growth of the Solvent Distillation Devices market during the forecast period 2021-2028. The report is a comprehensive document covering the market landscape and a futuristic perspective on its growth and progress. The report also provides entry-level driving and restraint factors analysis for the new entrants contributing to the market. The report also offers strategic recommendations to established players as well as new entrants to help them gain a solid foothold in the market.

๐”๐ฌ
๐ˆ๐ง๐๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ซ๐ฒ ๐€๐ง๐ ๐‘๐ž๐ฌ๐ž๐š๐ซ๐œ๐ก
Head of Business Development
๐๐จ: +1 202 888 3519
๐ˆ๐ƒ: sales@industryandresearch.com

๐”๐ฌ: As a trusted brand for market research reports, IR has served clients around the world. We help the company obtain reports tailored to its needs with accurate statistics and market research. Our research team goes beyond the guidelines. With in-depth knowledge of different research techniques, we ensure the quality of each project. IR is constantly looking for new ways to make research more interesting, useful and laser-focused for our clients. Our exceptional attention to detail sets us apart from our competition.

We ensure that high quality work is delivered in an ethical and professional manner. Our proven process helps us to maximize response rates, which results in more accurate sampling. Our quantitative and qualitative approaches translate into a holistic view of your customers and their buying journey, making our reports reliable to support your business goals.

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BUCHI’s new steam distillation units offer tailor-made solutions https://waterky.org/buchis-new-steam-distillation-units-offer-tailor-made-solutions/ https://waterky.org/buchis-new-steam-distillation-units-offer-tailor-made-solutions/#respond Fri, 30 Jul 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://waterky.org/buchis-new-steam-distillation-units-offer-tailor-made-solutions/ BรœCHI Labortechnik AG has launched two new product lines for steam distillation with innovative modular features that provide the greatest flexibility in the determination of analytes. The newly developed instrument is available as BUCHI Kjel Line or Dist Line with three different performance levels. The Kjel line is optimized for Kjeldahl applications for the determination […]]]>

BรœCHI Labortechnik AG has launched two new product lines for steam distillation with innovative modular features that provide the greatest flexibility in the determination of analytes. The newly developed instrument is available as BUCHI Kjel Line or Dist Line with three different performance levels. The Kjel line is optimized for Kjeldahl applications for the determination of nitrogen and protein and offers the highest precision while saving time and resources. The Dist range is designed to cover a wide range of volatile steam analytes providing maximum flexibility and convenience.

The new BUCHI Kjel range provides the most accurate and reproducible nitrogen and protein determinations through advanced integrated sensor technology. Communication with peripherals such as the cooling water valve, tank level sensors, safety door sensors and an innovative level sensor provide exceptional user protection and a new level of efficiency. In the interest of environmental safety, BUCHI has also developed a unique reaction detection sensor, which saves up to 30% of reagent consumption.

The BUCHI Dist range sets new standards in the versatile determination of volatile vapor analytes in samples from the beverage and food industries, as well as chemical, environmental and testing laboratories. The systems can determine several analytes such as alcohol, sulfite, volatile acids, cyanide, essential oils, phenol number, vicinal diketones, formaldehyde and nitrogen. The instruments allow more multitasking possibilities, faster method development and can be easily upgraded to a tailor-made solution, tailored to individual customer needs.

โ€œSteam distillation is a standard sample preparation step for a wide variety of analytes, but since each analyte has different requirements, providing a tailor-made solution is a real challenge,โ€ said Vahรฉ Iplikci, BU Food & Feed director at BUCHI. โ€œWe have drawn on more than 50 years of experience in steam distillation to develop these two new product lines designed to meet multiple customer needs, such as modular flexibility, precise and reliable results with procedures environmentally friendly and safe for the operator and the environment. . “

The new steam distillation units join BUCHI’s existing portfolio for immediate analysis complete with extraction and NIR solutions. The company’s solutions include innovative products for the entire workflow, personalized support, easy-to-use data management and professional maintenance. The company aims to satisfy its growing global customer base by continuing to understand specific demands and designing solutions that fully meet and exceed high customer expectations.

Do you use Buchi products in your lab? Write a review today for a chance to win a $ 400 Amazon Gift Card >>


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Global Mass Transfer (Distillation) Market Industry Outlook 2021 – Sulzer, Koch-Glitsch, Raschig, VFF, RVT Process Equipment – The Manomet Current https://waterky.org/global-mass-transfer-distillation-market-industry-outlook-2021-sulzer-koch-glitsch-raschig-vff-rvt-process-equipment-the-manomet-current/ https://waterky.org/global-mass-transfer-distillation-market-industry-outlook-2021-sulzer-koch-glitsch-raschig-vff-rvt-process-equipment-the-manomet-current/#respond Wed, 30 Jun 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://waterky.org/global-mass-transfer-distillation-market-industry-outlook-2021-sulzer-koch-glitsch-raschig-vff-rvt-process-equipment-the-manomet-current/ Global Bulk Transfer (Distillation) Market Growth (Status and Outlook) 2021-2026 is a recent comprehensive market analysis that collectively covers demand factors, market size, forecast and global Mass Transfer (Distillation) market trends. The report presents the current market conditions and growth prospects. The report is fully compiled keeping in mind its essential information regarding the global […]]]>

Global Bulk Transfer (Distillation) Market Growth (Status and Outlook) 2021-2026 is a recent comprehensive market analysis that collectively covers demand factors, market size, forecast and global Mass Transfer (Distillation) market trends. The report presents the current market conditions and growth prospects. The report is fully compiled keeping in mind its essential information regarding the global Mass Transfer (Distillation) market. During their study of the market, the authors of the report concluded that there could be many critical segments both by type and by application.

The report analyzes the development history and significant developments in the market. It sheds light on the current market analysis, segmentation, revenue forecast, and geographies of the global Mass Transfer (Distillation) market, upcoming and future opportunities, price, profitability, and major players in the industry. . Major manufacturers are studied based on their company profile, product portfolio, capacity, price, cost, and revenue. This report is confident to assist the clients for future courses of action and action offered in the global Mass Transfer (Distillation) market. This analysis includes dedicated sections to examine the barriers and the likelihood of threat that is expected to affect the growth of the market during the forecast period.

REMARK: Our report highlights the main issues and dangers that businesses could face as a result of the unprecedented COVID-19 outbreak.

DOWNLOAD A FREE SAMPLE REPORT: https://www.mrinsights.biz/report-detail/259016/request-sample

Although there are a number of companies engaged in mass transfer (distillation), the report listed the major ones in the world. They are:

  • Sulzer
  • Koch-Glitsch
  • Raschig
  • VFF
  • RVT processing equipment
  • National Beiyang Distillation Technology
  • Nantong Sutong Separation Technology
  • Boneng
  • Sumitomo Heavy Industries
  • Haiyan New Century
  • Wuhang Kai Tong
  • Zehua Chemical Engineering
  • Go up
  • HAT International
  • Lantec products
  • Jiangxi Xintao Technology
  • Suzhou Kedi Petrochemical Engineering
  • Kevin Companies
  • US Technology CGV
  • Tianjin Univtech

Market segment by type, the product can be divided into

  • Internal elements of the column
  • Random packing
  • Structured packaging
  • Trays

Market segment by Application, split into:

  • Petroleum industry
  • Petrochemical industry
  • Fine chemicals industry
  • Other

The report checks the market status and outlook for global and major regions, from the perspective of players, product regions and end applications / industries. The goal of this market is to analyze the Mass Transfer (Distillation) Market on the basis of the type of application, future trends, and market growth. Here, the report also aims to study the market trends in various regions and countries. Research also focuses on quantitative data important to ensuring the quality of strategic decisions in visually rich graphics.

Global Mass Transfer (Distillation) Market Details Based on Regions:

  • North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)
  • Europe (Germany, France, United Kingdom, Russia, Italy and rest of Europe)
  • Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Southeast Asia and Australia)
  • South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia and the rest of South America)
  • Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, South Africa and Rest of Middle East and Africa)

ACCESS TO THE FULL REPORT: https://www.mrinsights.biz/report/global-mass-transfer-distillation-market-growth-status-and-259016.html

The summary of the report covers:

  • The report contains a detailed overview of the current Mass Transfer (Distillation) market, changing industry market dynamics and in-depth market segmentation.
  • Historical, current and projected market size in terms of volume and value
  • Recent industry trends and developments, competitive landscape, key player strategies and product offerings
  • Potential and niche segments / regions showing promising growth and insights for global Mass Transfer (Distillation) market players to maintain and enhance their market footprint
  • Key developments in the product category along with technological advancements are highlighted in the report

Additionally, the study describes a variety of analytical resources such as SWOT analysis and Porter’s five forces analysis coupled with primary and secondary research methodologies. It explores the competitive nature of the market in detail with regional analysis. Monitoring and analyzing competitive developments in the global Mass Transfer (Distillation) market, including research and development, mergers and acquisitions, collaboration, and product launches is also a primary focus. of this market.

Customization of the report:

This report can be customized to meet customer requirements. Please connect with our sales team (sales@mrinsights.biz), who will make sure you get a report that matches your needs. You can also contact our leaders at + 1-201-465-4211 to share your research needs.

Contact us
Brand Pierre
Head of Business Development
Telephone: + 1-201-465-4211
E-mail: sales@mrinsights.biz
The Web: www.mrinsights.biz


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Dow to build MDI and prepolymer distillation plant in Freeport https://waterky.org/dow-to-build-mdi-and-prepolymer-distillation-plant-in-freeport/ https://waterky.org/dow-to-build-mdi-and-prepolymer-distillation-plant-in-freeport/#respond Wed, 09 Jun 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://waterky.org/dow-to-build-mdi-and-prepolymer-distillation-plant-in-freeport/ Chemicals maker Dow said on Wednesday it would build a methylene diphenyl isocyanate and prepolymer distillation facility at its Freeport manufacturing site, and shut down its polyurethane assets at the company’s La Porte site. Methylene diphenyl isocyanate is a chemical used primarily to make polyurethane. Polyurethanes are used in foams, insulation, textiles and automotive manufacturing. […]]]>

Chemicals maker Dow said on Wednesday it would build a methylene diphenyl isocyanate and prepolymer distillation facility at its Freeport manufacturing site, and shut down its polyurethane assets at the company’s La Porte site.

Methylene diphenyl isocyanate is a chemical used primarily to make polyurethane. Polyurethanes are used in foams, insulation, textiles and automotive manufacturing.

MIDSTREAM: New pipeline projects increase natural gas to Gulf Coast and Mexico from Permian Basin

Upon completion of the new Freeport MDI facility in 2023, the company will shut down its polyurethane assets at the La Porte site, the statement said.

Dow, headquartered in Michigan, operates a facility in Deer Park as well as the 139-acre facility at La Porte, which employs 225 employees.

In 1985, Dow purchased the La Porte plant, built in 1960 by the Carwin Company of North Haven, Connecticut, to produce isocyanates, used in the production of automobiles, boats, athletic shoes, insulation home, appliances, clothing, coolers, cosmetics, pet food, pharmaceuticals, toothbrushes, dyes, paints and vitamins.

In 1962, the La Porte plant was purchased by the Upjohn company and expanded to include the production of polyurethane.

Jane Palmieri, president of Dow’s Industrial Intermediates & Infrastructure operating segment, said in the statement that the integration of MDI at the company’s Freeport site “creates a competitive supply of key upstream polyurethane raw materials, secures a position reliable supply to support our growth in high value-added polyurethane downstream markets and provide a more sustainable production process.

Palmieri also said the investment allows Dow to support the growth of downstream systems customers.


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Still Anatomy 101: Exploring the Anatomical Depths of Batch Distillation https://waterky.org/still-anatomy-101-exploring-the-anatomical-depths-of-batch-distillation/ https://waterky.org/still-anatomy-101-exploring-the-anatomical-depths-of-batch-distillation/#respond Wed, 23 Sep 2020 07:00:00 +0000 https://waterky.org/still-anatomy-101-exploring-the-anatomical-depths-of-batch-distillation/ Stills are special vessels – they have this ability (superpower, really) to turn this slightly acidic, alcoholic, carbonated liquid into a more refined, adult version of itself. For some it is just a shiny pot with a funny arm, used to produce alcohol with a higher water content; although this is not wrong, stills can […]]]>

Stills are special vessels – they have this ability (superpower, really) to turn this slightly acidic, alcoholic, carbonated liquid into a more refined, adult version of itself. For some it is just a shiny pot with a funny arm, used to produce alcohol with a higher water content; although this is not wrong, stills can be very diverse. Available in a range of heights, widths, shapes and materials – from round to square, squat to large, and copper to clay – each still can have its own character. Some might even have unique damage or bumps that the distiller thinks is the โ€œsecret sauceโ€.

Many of these characteristics can impact the process or flavor profile of alcohol. Either way, the still is the heart and soul of the distillery and their uniqueness should be celebrated. However, certain components are essential for operation, which can be categorized into: safety, practicality and heating, reflux and flavor development, and condensation and collection. Granted, there can be variation within each category, and this is what makes distillation such an exciting business.

However, there is one area where minimal variation should exist – security.

Westland Distillery Inspired by Scottish tradition, the Westland Distillery in Seattle uses pot stills. (Image copyright The Whiskey Wash)

Security

Distillation is an inherently dangerous process. Heating a solution to remove and concentrate the alcohol by vaporization creates the risk of fire and explosion. Therefore, the equipment should be designed and operated by qualified professionals to prevent such events from occurring. In addition, the distillery must have standard operating procedures (SOPs) to ensure proper and safe operation of the equipment.

Apart from fire extinguishing systems, SOPs and facility layout, still design should incorporate a few key elements to minimize the risk of explosion or collapse. Pressure Relief Valves (PRVs) are spring loaded safety valves designed to release excess pressure to the atmosphere when its set point is exceeded. However, one must also consider the flammable vapors inside the still and what could happen when they are released. Anti-collapse valves (ACV) are installed to prevent collapse due to the formation of a vacuum.

Although activating the ACV poses less of a risk to the operation or safety of stills, it signals the occurrence of an event that could damage the still. These valves are essential to minimize the risk of explosion, damage to equipment and property, and injury to personnel. However, safety does not end there and must be integrated into all aspects of the design and operation of the still.

A drawing of the structure of a still image (image via Liz Rhoades)

Practical features and heating

In addition to the loading and unloading lines, the manholes are another essential element; it is a medium sized opening with a sealed door that allows for cleaning, inspection and maintenance activities. Although it looks like an entrance, stills are not designed to have people inside and only trained professionals under strict supervision should enter. When done improperly, entering the still can pose serious safety risks and violate safety regulations.

The sight glasses provide a window into the soul of the still, giving the still valuable insight into what is going on inside. For example, during this initial distillation, foaming can occur inside the still due to the charge of the still containing many particles (yeast and / or cereals) and dissolved carbon dioxide; the sight glass gives the still visibility to prevent flare-ups.

Excessive foaming can lead to entrainment (ie โ€œthrowing upโ€) of solids or liquids in the passing vapor and alcohol, which has a negative impact on quality. When observed, the still can mitigate entrainment by reducing heat input.

Heating methods have evolved as the industry has developed and two main types are used: direct and indirect. Direct fire is a more traditional practice, where more archaic fuels include the use of wood or charcoal. Although direct fired stills are still in use, most have been improved to become more efficient gas burners or electrical elements.

Indirect fire uses steam as a means of heating, usually supplied by coils and / or pans inside the pot. Steam is generally preferred due to increased safety, improved consistency, and increased operational efficiency.

Although direct fire has some advantages, such as creating unique flavor profiles; this is due to the localization of heat and its intimate interaction with the components of the wort or beer. In fact, some distilleries tried to go steaming, but quickly returned due to a change in flavor profile.

Although important, the heating method used plays only a lesser role in flavor development, especially when compared to those elements impacting the level of reflux and rectification.

Virginia Distillery Company

Handcrafted copper stills by Virginia Distillery Company (image via VDC)

Reflux and flavor development

During distillation, reflux is essentially a purification step (aka rectification) where the liquid is vaporized and condenses within itself. The rectification is closely related to the volatility of the components of the matrix. Compounds with lower volatility (water) will easily participate in reflux, thus enriching compounds with higher volatility (ethanol) in the alcohol stream. In general, this creates a lighter flavor profile with a higher alcohol content.

In batch distillation, there are several design elements that can impact the reflux level, such as: shoulders, neck, lyne’s arm, and the pot itself.

The design of the pots is inherently essential for practical reasons; but, from the point of view of the rectification, the level of filling of the pot and the materials of construction stand out in importance. The level of filling has an impact on the quantity of surface which can participate in the heat exchange with the environment; higher fill levels decrease the heat transfer surface. Heat transfer is also impacted by building materials; copper is common due to its excellent heat transfer properties. This exchange facilitates the reflux on the walls of the pot, the neck and the shoulders of the still.

So shape, curvature, width, and height can all have an impact. Above the pot and the shoulders is a tapered section called the neck. Common designs include plain, ball, lantern, and tray inserts (in order of grinding). Pot stills with trays in their necks are called hybrid stills or batch straighteners because the trays are key design elements of continuous distillation.

Lyne’s arm connects the neck to the condenser. Although the main function of the lyne arm is to direct the vapors to the condenser, it also provides an opportunity for condensation or reflux. Depending on the angle of the lyne (aka gooseneck) arm connection, there may be an impact on the flavor profile with obtuse angles providing more backflow and acute angles providing the least.

Other rectification design elements exist, such as dephlegmators and purifiers. Although they are not always essential, they provide another opportunity to create a unique spirit. Typically, these devices use cooling water to condense the passing vapors. Dephlegmators are located in the neck of a hybrid still and the condensed liquid naturally flows back down. Installed in a downward sloping lyne arm, the purifiers require additional piping to route the condensed liquid to the pot.

Although these partial condensers may be optional, complete condensation of the vapor is required to make the final alcohol.

Reflux considerations (image via Liz Rhoades)

Condensation and collection

Condensation of vapor to liquid (distillate) is usually done by one of two types of condensers: shell and tube or worm and tube. Before the advent of the modern shell and tube condenser, augers and vessels were state of the art. All the steam is passed through a coiled pipe (normally copper) into a cooling water tank and the condensed steam is collected.

While not as effective as their modern counterparts, they do have some advantages in providing potentially richer and stronger (i.e. meaty) flavor profiles. Shell and tube condensers consist of tubes inside a metal cylinder (shell) filled with water; the vapor enters the tubes and condenses on the water-cooled surface. Once condensed, the still embarks on the most critical stages of batch distillation: cuts and collection.

Collection is usually done through an intermediate glass box on the way to the collection container (s), called Spirit Safe. This is the distiller’s first opportunity to evaluate and analyze the newly condensed distillate, usually by measuring the alcohol with a hydrometer in the spirits. With this information, the distiller can determine when to proceed to collecting buds, hearts or tails or when to complete the distillation completely.

Samples can also be taken for external evaluations, such as evaluation of aromatic properties. Sensory level and alcohol level are often used to determine cut-off points, although they can also be time-based. As with most still design elements, there are variations; Either way, a certain version of a spirit is an integral part of the cutting process, as the cutting process plays a vital role in the final quality of the distillate..

Conclusion

Pot still to pot still, a โ€œSherry Butt loadโ€ of variations can exist. While not entirely responsible for the diversity within the whisk (e) y space or other categories of distilled spirits, these differences can play an important role. Personally, it’s exciting as a distiller and a consumer to reflect on and appreciate this.

Even though there are some anatomical elements that are essential, such as safety features, heat, and the potty itself, the design can still be quite dynamic. From frustoconical configurations to the dephlegmator, the distiller has many options to consider as the still will inevitably become the heart and soul of the distillery (bumps optional).

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Alcohol could soon be made with porous liquid membranes instead of distillation https://waterky.org/alcohol-could-soon-be-made-with-porous-liquid-membranes-instead-of-distillation/ https://waterky.org/alcohol-could-soon-be-made-with-porous-liquid-membranes-instead-of-distillation/#respond Wed, 12 Aug 2020 07:00:00 +0000 https://waterky.org/alcohol-could-soon-be-made-with-porous-liquid-membranes-instead-of-distillation/ Simply put, distillation is the process of separating liquids from each other using a thermal process. This allows, on the one hand, the recovery of evaporated liquids. In addition, solvents can be separated from substances which are difficult to evaporate and which are then recovered by condensation. Although this traditional process is very efficient, it […]]]>

Simply put, distillation is the process of separating liquids from each other using a thermal process. This allows, on the one hand, the recovery of evaporated liquids. In addition, solvents can be separated from substances which are difficult to evaporate and which are then recovered by condensation. Although this traditional process is very efficient, it is nonetheless energy intensive.

Scientists at the German Institute of Technology in Karlsruhe (KIT) have now developed a process that could make distillation obsolete. All thanks to the new ‘porous liquids. ‘ This process involves floating nanoparticles in a solvent that separates gas molecules of different sizes from each other. This is accomplished when the empty pores of the particles have openings that only molecules of a certain size can pass through. The larger molecules stay on the outside and are thus separated from the smaller ones. The researchers explain that these porous liquids could be used directly, but they could also be made into membranes, “which are able to effectively separate propene from gaseous compounds as a raw material for widely used plastic.” polypropylene. “

Propene is largely extracted during the refining of crude oil or natural gas in a distillation process that separates it from other gases and purifies it. Propene is one of the most important raw materials for the production of polypropylene in the chemical industry. This plastic is mainly used for packaging materials and in the construction and automotive industries.

Greenhouse gases reduced by a factor of five

“In the technical literature, it is assumed that the separation of gases in petrochemicals using membranes would cost only a fifth of the energy required for distillation,” explains Dr Alexander Knebel, head of the junior research group at the Institute of Functional Interfaces (Institut fรผr Funktionelle Grenzflรคchendes, KIT), who carried out research at Leibniz Universitรคt Hannover in Germany and Saudi Arabia until 2019. โ€œGiven the high amounts of propene required, this means that the release of huge amounts of greenhouse gases CO2 can be avoided. Thus, the petrochemical industry in particular could benefit from the use of membranes instead of distillation for the separation of propene. In tests by Knebel and colleagues, the throughput of the new membranes was at least three times that of existing materials.

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The porous network of ZIF-67: The metal centers of cobalt (the โ€œpyramidsโ€) are linked together by methylimidazolate (rods and rings). (Graphic: R. Ahmad)

The starting point of the research focused on the solid material ZIF-67 (Zeolitic Imidazole Framework). Its atoms form a metal-organic network with pores opening 0.34 nanometers wide. The researchers succeeded for the first time in “finely dispersing a metallo-organic framework in liquids such as cyclohexane, cyclooctane or mesitylene” by specifically modifying nanoparticles of ZIF-67 on the surface. Scientists dubbed the resulting scatter: ‘porous liquid‘.

Gaseous propene takes much longer to pass through a column filled with porous liquid than methane, Knebel continues. This is because propene is efficiently captured in the pores of nanoparticles, unlike smaller methane molecules. โ€œWe want to exploit this property of dispersion in the future to produce liquid separation membranes. “

Degree of purity of at least 99.9%

According to the researchers, porous liquids can also be used to produce solid separation membranes which have exceptionally advantageous properties. For example, in membranes made from a plastic substance and chemically modified ZIF-67, where the team was able to increase the proportion of modified ZIF-67 in the membrane to 47.5%. They did this without making him physically unstable. In a gaseous compound comprising equal parts of propene and propane, which was then passed through two membranes connected in series, the result was propene with a degree of purity of at least 99.9%. “Even though the two gas molecules are only 0.2 nanometers different,” the scientists say.

The deciding factor that determines the effectiveness of these membranes is that as many metal-organic particles as possible are evenly distributed throughout the plastic. And that the pores of the nanoparticles are not blocked by solvents during the manufacture of the membranes. In other words, that they remain empty. โ€œWe were able to achieve both goals because we didn’t directly incorporate solid particles into the membrane, but rather proceeded through the porous liquids, even though it looks like a detour,โ€ says Knebel.

Schnapps or disinfectant?

However, the new process is not only interesting for the petrochemical industry. It can also be used in the production of alcohol. Basically, distillation could also be replaced in this area, says Knebel. โ€œIn principle, it would be possible. Presumably, this could be done with a polymer membrane, and not by directly using a porous liquid. Then the process would be called pervaporation rather than penetration. “

However, the researcher predicts difficulties with alcoholic beverages such as gin, rum, etc. โ€œWhat I find problematic here is that you would like fusel alcohols and highly volatile substances to have some influence on the taste / smell, which only happens during distillation,โ€ he points out. -he. “With membrane distillation, they would be completely removed and the product would end up in the form of very pure alcohol.” But that’s also good if you wanted to make disinfectants, for example. โ€œThe energy savings would be similar to what you can achieve with gas separation. “

Knebel and colleagues from Leibniz University in Hanover, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (Saudi Arabia) and Deutsches Institut fรผr Kautschuktechnologie (German Institute of Rubber Technology) reported on the results of their research in the academic journal Natural materials.

Title image: Porous liquids acting as membranes: This process could save enormous amounts of energy and therefore reduce CO2 in the plastics industry. (Photo: Alexander Knebel, KIT)


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Massive distillation column delivered to Borealis’ new PDH plant – Chemical Engineering https://waterky.org/massive-distillation-column-delivered-to-borealis-new-pdh-plant-chemical-engineering/ https://waterky.org/massive-distillation-column-delivered-to-borealis-new-pdh-plant-chemical-engineering/#respond Tue, 09 Jun 2020 07:00:00 +0000 https://waterky.org/massive-distillation-column-delivered-to-borealis-new-pdh-plant-chemical-engineering/ By Mary Page Bailey | June 9, 2020 Borealis Group AG (Vienna, Austria) announced a milestone in the construction of its worldwide propane dehydrogenation (PDH) plant in Kallo, Belgium: the propylene separator – one of the largest units in equipment never delivered to the port of Antwerp in one piece by ship – was successfully […]]]>

By Mary Page Bailey |

Borealis Group AG (Vienna, Austria) announced a milestone in the construction of its worldwide propane dehydrogenation (PDH) plant in Kallo, Belgium: the propylene separator – one of the largest units in equipment never delivered to the port of Antwerp in one piece by ship – was successfully transported from the quay to the Borealis site in Kallo. Borealis ‘new PDH plant represents Borealis’ largest investment in Europe.

Borealis

The propylene splitter is one of the largest devices ever delivered to the port of Antwerp in one piece by ship. (Source: Borรฉalis)

The propylene separator is a distillation column that will separate propane from propylene, as produced by the new PDH plant. With a length of 105 meters, a width of 10 meters and a weight of 1,600 tonnes, the log splitter is one of the largest pieces of equipment ever delivered in one piece to the port of Antwerp.

The plant will have a targeted annual production capacity of 750,000 metric tons per year (mt / year), making it one of the largest and most efficient facilities in the world. Production is expected to start at the end of 2022.

Borealis sources basic raw materials, such as propane, naphtha, butane and ethane from the oil and gas industry and converts them into ethylene, propylene and other high-value hydrocarbons. Recently, Borealis has also started sourcing renewable propane as a feedstock for developing and producing renewable propylene and polypropylene.


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4 tips for maximizing cannabinoid distillation https://waterky.org/4-tips-for-maximizing-cannabinoid-distillation/ https://waterky.org/4-tips-for-maximizing-cannabinoid-distillation/#respond Wed, 06 Nov 2019 14:08:08 +0000 https://waterky.org/4-tips-for-maximizing-cannabinoid-distillation/ In order for your greenhouse to perform at its best, you need to plan properly in advance to ensure that the structure and its components are well maintained and functioning properly. Here you will find tips for ensuring adequate air circulation, cleanliness of facilities, rating of fixtures and shade curtains, as well as a special […]]]>

In order for your greenhouse to perform at its best, you need to plan properly in advance to ensure that the structure and its components are well maintained and functioning properly.

Here you will find tips for ensuring adequate air circulation, cleanliness of facilities, rating of fixtures and shade curtains, as well as a special โ€œlightning trickโ€ of various tips for extra efficiency.

Air flow management

1. Air circulation in a greenhouseโ€”A concept distinct from ventilationโ€”is best achieved with horizontal airflow (HAF) or vertical airflow (VAF) fans designed for this purpose. Avoid using standard fans. HAF fans should be properly sized for the cubic feet of air mass and installed in sufficient numbers to create a circular current in your greenhouse. Air has weight, so momentum will carry it with little energy from the fans once it circulates in this pattern.

The total blower capacity in cubic feet per minute for this circulation model should be one-quarter of the greenhouse volume, according to “Greenhouse Engineering,” a Cooperative Extension publication by Robert A. Aldrich and John W. Bartok, Jr. Ideally, these fans should be built into your control system so that they stop when the fans cool the room. Otherwise, they will create turbulence that disrupts the parallel flow through the greenhouse, reducing the cooling efficiency.

The advantage of VAF fans is that they can pull air upward through the canopy, reducing stagnant air in the lower foliage. Typical cannabis installations are a fan for an area of โ€‹โ€‹30 to 50 feet in diameter (707 square feet to 1,964 square feet). The bottom of VAF fans should be at least 3 feet above the maximum height of the canopy. VAF and HAF fans should not be used at the same time.

2. Air circulation speed should be at least 50 feet per minute (ft / min). At the very least, you should see some float in your leaves at their maximum height and density.

Cleanliness

3. Keep the walls and roof clean, but don’t ask your team to clean them. The estimated light transmission loss of dirty greenhouse roofs ranges from 5-10%.

Here’s a scary but true story: At the university greenhouse that I managed for 20 years, I established a policy that no one other than me could have their feet more than 6 feet off the ground on a ladder or scaffolding. It was after being shaken by news that an employee who was cleaning the glass roof of another university facility was seriously injured when she fell through the glass and landed on the metal benches inside.

4.I would recommend hiring a professional and assured greenhouse service team to clean your coatings if you have a wide range. For homes connected to gutters, robotic units (which roll along tops, scrub and rinse) can be purchased. If you are taking on this task, rent electric elevators and have your staff use them for pressure washing glass or rigid plastic, at the very least. Avoid using ladders or “walking in the gutters” as there is nothing to attach to for your safety.

5. Clean the side walls, inside and out, annually. Glass or rigid plastic with heavy scale deposits can be pretreated with a sulfuric acid product approved for greenhouse use prior to pressure washing. For routine window cleaning, use glass cleaner and squeegees on the extension handles for best results. Avoid getting cleaning solutions on the plants.

Light fixtures

6. Tracking your bulbs’ operating hours, whether in your written diary or using the control computer, will ensure you change them before their output drops below 80% (20,000 at 24,000 hours, typically). An old HPS bulb will often appear darker orange when turned on than a newer bulb. HPS bulbs that turn off sporadically every few minutes should be replaced immediately, before they burn out the fixture’s igniter. Devices with noisy, buzzing transformers are a real nuisance to your employees, who have to work in the room for several hours a day. Defective devices can be repaired, but only by someone certified to discharge a capacitor and work with high voltages.

Tip-Top-Shape Shading Systems

The use of motorized shading systems is an excellent way to regulate light intensity and the integral of daily light; But these systems are expensive to repair, as the labor costs to do even the smallest repair are many times the cost of the component, especially if you need an electric lift to reach it.

7. Therefore, it pays to purchase quality fabric and maintain the system regularly. Buy fabric from established manufacturers. Compare warranties and ask if the warranty is prorated – which means each year the replacement value goes down – and also ask if the warranty will reimburse you or just allow a discount on your next purchase. These questions will give you a good idea of โ€‹โ€‹who is behind their products. (Bonus tip: Consider a white fabric designed to diffuse light, as research suggests this will increase the number of photons reaching the lower foliage.)

8. Lubricate the rack and pinions annually with dry molybdenum aerosol lubricant spray. Avoid grease, as it allows dust and grime to build up and gum up the gears.

9. Inspect your curtains to make sure circulation fans are not blowing directly on them. This will cause them to constantly vibrate on the support wires, wearing them out quickly.

The “Lightning Round”: more tips!

Below are some other tips, which do not fit perfectly into the other categories, for efficient building and operation:

10. Consider contracting out annual maintenance to an experienced greenhouse company. This solves safety concerns and allows you and your staff to focus on growing and delivering quality products to your customers. It will ensure that maintenance is done, as these tasks are usually not prioritized, despite the best intentions.

11. The same dry molybdenum spray lubricant listed for the shade curtain rack and pinions should be applied annually to the ventilation rack and pinions.

12. A rivet gun will help you fix loose louvers.

13. Apply flooring to the cement, making it resistant to algae build-up. The room must be empty and dry to apply the coating, and it takes two to three days for proper application and drying; but it’s worth it, even if it’s only in your spread area or under evaporative pads.

14. Irrigation pipes and hoses must be free of biofilms every year, using a product labeled for that purpose. This will reduce clogging of drippers and nozzles. One method to prevent clogging and biofilm buildup is to install cleanout valves at the ends of the dripper supply lines to force full pressure water to pass through every week or so. Some growers replace their drip systems once or twice a year to resolve the biofilm problem.

15. Label each outlet with the circuit breaker that controls it. I use a label maker with weatherproof adhesive printing tape to color-code them based on outlets controlled by timers (versus ones that are always on). These labels will improve the safety, communication and efficiency of repairs and installations.

16. Consider single table light deprivation systems for flexibility in harvest planning. It can help you use the space more efficiently. I used some excellent single table systems which allowed us to experiment with different photoperiods.

17. Determine the best method to consolidate maintenance and repair records into a format that can be shared with your team. and is available by smartphone. Develop your own Google Docs or consider other third-party software.

18. Use signal tapes and flags to improve communication between staff on a clogged dripper, for example, or on weeds or in the process of being rinsed, etc.

19. Make repairs more efficient by maintaining a parts list and keep spare parts on hand.

20. Anything made of plastic in a greenhouse, such as a fertilizer injector, should be protected from direct sunlight to protect it from cracking or disintegration. Reflective bubble wrap is a good solution.

21. Assemble job specific toolkits for immediate problem response: a kit for plumbing repairs and a kit for electronic repairs. Additionally, an emergency submersible pump with flexible hose connections can quickly replace an evaporative buffer pump until you can hook one up properly.

22. Invest in rolling safety ladders with side rails to reach high places.

23. Consider purchasing a used lift from an equipment rental company, if you can’t afford a new one. I bought one for $ 6,000 which lasted over 10 years.

24. Place two 20 gallon trash cans wherever you currently have a standard 32 gallon trash can. Yes, it takes up more space, but it will keep your staff from getting tired when they are overfilled, as the smaller boxes contain a third less material.

Editor’s note: The first article in this series appeared in the March 2018 edition of Cannabis business time, and Part II of the series, featured here, was published in the April 2018 issue.

Robert Eddy, MS, is a consultant and former Greenhouse Manager at Purdue University.


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